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Strange Things Banned by Governments各国政府的奇怪禁令

原文作者:caisey roberston

 greece: video games 希腊:禁玩电子游戏
  in 2002, greece decided to ban any and all video games. the law was apparently intended to help crack down on1) internet gambling; cnet reported that "the blanket2) ban was decided in february after the government admitted it was incapable of distinguishing innocuous3) video games from illegal gambling machines." soon after, though, a local greek judge declared the law unconstitutional4), and though the law still exists, it seems the greek government hasn't been doing much about it. [论文网]
   not the action of time travel itself, but rather the portrayal of it. in early 2011, the state administration for radio, film, and television in china declared that time travel is all but5) prohibited from tv and movies. apparently, time travel has been very popular in chinese tv dramas, and the government discouraged them because they "casually make up myths, have monstrous6) and weird plots, use absurd tactics7), and even promote feudalism8), superstition, fatalism9) and reincarnation10)".
   the emo trend began in the 1980s, characterized by its emotional music similar to punk and rock and the fashion styles that are a mix of punk and goth12). to most people, it's just a phase for teenagers to go through; in russia, though, it's a dangerous social group that should be stamped out13). in 2008, a piece of legislation began to restrict "dangerous teen trends" like the emo culture. the bill describes "emos" as teenagers with studded14) belts, painted fingernails, facial piercings, and black hair with face-concealing fringes15). it also claims that the emo "negative ideology" encourages depression, social withdrawal and suicide—and it would be irresponsible to allow the trend to continue. the self-proclaimed emo culture took to the streets, marching in the uk and siberia to defend their right to expressing their emotions. if russia has its way, emo will be all but banned by 2020.
   during fidel castro's reign in cuba, few citizens owned cell phones. not because they were too expensive, but because they were banned—only executives working for foreign companies or high communist party officials were allowed to have them. fidel castro defended his ban by claiming the restrictions were "necessary sacrifices" in the "battle of ideas" against the u.s. when raul castro, younger brother of fidel, took over control of cuba in 2008, one of his early actions was to lift the ban on cell phones. although the phones were expensive, the freedom to own a cell phone had many citizens rush to purchase their first.

 2002年,希腊(政府)决定取缔任何一种电子游戏。WWw.11665.COM很显然,这一法规旨在帮助打击网络赌博。科技资讯网报道称,“政府承认他们无法区分无害的电子游戏和非法的赌博机器,之后就于二月颁布了‘一刀切’禁令”。然而没过多久,一名希腊地方法官宣称该法规违反了宪法。虽然这项法规仍旧存在,但希腊政府却似乎并没有怎么推行过。
   中国政府禁止的并不是穿越这件事本身,而是对穿越的艺术再现。在2011年初,中国广播电影电视总局就宣称基本全面禁止电视剧和电影中出现穿越题材。很明显,中国电视剧非常流行穿越题材。中国政府打击这类题材的原因在于它们“随意编造神话,剧情荒谬,手法奇怪,

甚至宣扬封建、迷信、宿命论以及灵魂转世”。
   情绪摇滚风行于20世纪80年代,其音乐情绪类似于朋克和摇滚,而其时尚风格则是朋克和哥特的结合体。对大多数人来说,喜欢情绪摇滚只是青少年经历的一个阶段,但俄罗斯却认为这是一个必须铲除的危险社会团体。2008年出台的一项法案开始限制像情绪摇滚文化这样的“危险的青少年流行风向”。该法案将“情绪摇滚迷”描述成一群扎铆钉腰带、涂指甲、脸部穿环、留一头黑发且刘海还要遮住半张脸的青少年。该法案还宣称情绪摇滚的“消极理念”会促使沮丧情绪、回避社交甚至自杀现象的发生,所以该法案认为允许这种风潮继续是不负责任的。在英国和西伯利亚,一群自称情绪摇滚的文化群体走上街头游行抗议,捍卫他们表达情绪的权力。如果俄罗斯能够成功实施该法案,那也得到2020年才能几乎全面禁止情绪摇滚。
   在菲德尔·卡斯特罗领导古巴期间,没有几个人拥有手机。不是因为手机太昂贵,而是因为手机在古巴是禁用的,只允许在外企工作的高管或者古巴共产党的高官使用手机。菲德尔·卡斯特罗声称这是与美国“意识形态竞争”中的“必要牺牲”,并以此捍卫他的这一禁令。2008年,菲德尔的弟弟劳尔·卡斯特罗接任古巴领导人时,他早期的举措之一就是取消手机的禁令。尽管手机对于古巴人来说相对昂贵,但能够自由拥有一部手机还是令许多公民都争先恐后去购买他们的第一部手机。
   1. crack down on:
  (对……)采取严厉措施;镇压
  2. blanket [?bl??k?t] adj. 总括的;通用的;适用于所有情况的
  3. innocuous
  [??n?kju?s] adj. 无害的;不会引起争论的;无伤大雅的
  4. unconstitutional
  [??n?k?nst??tju???nl] adj. 违反宪法的;违反规定的
  5. all but: 几乎完全地
  6. monstrous
  [?m?nstr?s] adj. 骇人听闻的;荒谬的
  7. tactic [?t?kt?k] n. 一种手法
  8. feudalism
  [?fju?d(?)l?z(?)m] n. 封建主义
  9. fatalism
  [?fe?t?l?z(?)m] n. 宿命论
  10. reincarnation
  [?ri??nkɑ?(r)?ne??(?)n] n. 灵魂转世再生说
  11. emo [?i?m??] n. 喜欢情感硬核音乐(一种类似朋克音乐、歌词大多涉及情感主题的摇滚乐)的人。这类人多喜欢穿黑色的衣服,留长发。
  12. goth [ɡ?θ] n. (流行时尚中的)哥特派(具有以伦敦俱乐部为背景,身着黑衣、喜爱摇滚乐且离经叛道的青年人风格)
  13. stamp out: 消灭;根绝
  14. studded [?st?d?d] adj. 镶嵌有……饰物的;有装饰物的
  15. fringe [fr?nd?] n. (头发的)刘海
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  •  更新时间:2013-09-08 10:05:05  作者:佚名 [标签: ]
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